The effects of water volume, container surface area and the density of hosts and fungal zoospores on the infectivity of the oomycete fungus Leptolegnia chapmanii to Aedes aegypti were investigated in the laboratory. Late 3rd or early 4th instars from a laboratory colony were used as hosts in all assays. Fourth instars infected with L. chapmanii for 48 h (6.1 ± 0.2 × 104 zoospores/larva) were used as inoculum. Mortality rates were >90% in containers with 20 or fewer larvae when exposed to 1 infected larva, but they decreased to 37% in containers with 60 larvae. Mortality rates varied from 82% to 92% when healthy 4th instars were exposed to 1 and 2 infected larvae, respectively, whereas 100% mortality was obtained with ≥3 infected larvae. Infection and mortality rates in containers with volumes that varied from 300 to 5,000 ml but that had similar water surface area (397 cm2) varied from 89 to 92%, respectively. When water volume was held constant at 250 ml in containers with variable surface areas (14.5–875 cm2), larval mortality varied from 96% to 25%, respectively. The ability of L. chapmanii to infect mosquito larvae is dose dependent and influenced by larval density and surface area.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 23 • No. 2