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1 December 2007 VECTOR COMPETENCE OF KENYAN CULEX ZOMBAENSIS AND CULEX QUINQUEFASCIATUS MOSQUITOES FOR RIFT VALLEY FEVER VIRUS
M.J. TURELL, J.S. LEE, J.H. RICHARDSON, R.C. SANG, E.N. KIOKO, M.O. AGAWO, J. PECOR, M.L. O'GUINN
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Abstract

Rift Valley fever (RVF) continues to be a significant problem in Kenya as well as in Egypt, Yemen, and Saudi Arabia. In order to determine the ability of Kenyan mosquitoes to transmit RVF virus (RVFV), we collected mosquitoes in the Lake Naivasha region of Kenya and evaluated them for their potential to transmit RVFV under laboratory conditions. After feeding on a hamster (Mesocricetus auratus) with a viremia of 109.7 plaque-forming units of virus/ml of blood, Culex zombaensis were highly susceptible to infection with RVFV, with 89% becoming infected. In contrast, Cx. quinquefasciatus that were fed on the same hamsters were marginally susceptible, with only 20% becoming infected. Differences in percentages of mosquitoes that developed a disseminated infection were equally disparate, with 55% and 8%, for Cx. zombaensis and Cx. quinquefasciatus, respectively. Forty-eight percent of the Cx. zombaensis with a disseminated infection that fed on a susceptible hamster transmitted virus by bite, indicating a moderate salivary gland barrier. However, the presence of a salivary gland barrier could not be determined for Cx. quinquefasciatus because none of the 18 mosquitoes that took a 2nd blood meal had a disseminated infection. These studies illustrate the need to identify the ability of individual mosquito species to transmit RVFV so that correct decisions can be made concerning the application of appropriate control measures during an outbreak.

M.J. TURELL, J.S. LEE, J.H. RICHARDSON, R.C. SANG, E.N. KIOKO, M.O. AGAWO, J. PECOR, and M.L. O'GUINN "VECTOR COMPETENCE OF KENYAN CULEX ZOMBAENSIS AND CULEX QUINQUEFASCIATUS MOSQUITOES FOR RIFT VALLEY FEVER VIRUS," Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 23(4), 378-382, (1 December 2007). https://doi.org/10.2987/5645.1
Published: 1 December 2007
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KEYWORDS
Culex quinquefasciatus
Culex zombaensis
Kenya
Rift Valley fever virus
transmission
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