The effect of repeated applications of Bacillus thuringiensis var israeliensis (Bti) and B. sphaericus (Bs) on different entomologic parameters of malaria transmission was investigated in a village in central Côte d'Ivoire. The study area was monitored for potential mosquito breeding sites over a 7-month period. Microbial larvicides were applied once every 3 wk; first Bti (0.8 mg/liter), followed by Bs (10 mg/liter) 3–4 days later. Adult mosquitoes were collected inside and outside sentinel houses in 4 cross-sectional surveys using human landing catch. Repeated applications of Bti and Bs showed a decline in the biting rate of both Anopheles funestus and Anopheles gambiae. Moreover, the entomologic inoculation rate of An. funestus was significantly reduced (from 328 to 142, P = 0.005), whereas that of An. gambiae remained stable. In conclusion, microbial larvicides might play a role in an integrated approach for malaria control.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 25 • No. 3