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1 December 2012 The Importance of Males: Larval Diet and Adult Sugar Feeding Influences Reproduction in Culex molestus
Nur Faeza A. Kassim, Cameron E. Webb, Richard C. Russell
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Abstract

Culex molestus is an obligatory autogenous mosquito that is closely associated with subterranean habitats in urban areas. The objective of our study was to investigate the influence of larval and adult nutrition on the role of males in determining the expression of autogeny in Cx. molestus. Mosquitoes raised at low and high larval diets had sex ratio, wing length, mating rates, autogenous egg raft size, and hatching rates recorded. There was a higher ratio of males to females when raised at a low larval diet. Mean wing lengths of both males and females were significantly greater when raised at the high larval diet regime. Regardless of larval or adult diet, males mated with only a single female. Mosquitoes raised at the higher larval diet regimes developed significantly more autogenous eggs. However, the egg raft size was reduced when adult females were denied access to sugar. The results of this study indicate that the performance of males in the reproductive process is influenced by both larval diet and adult sugar feeding.

Nur Faeza A. Kassim, Cameron E. Webb, and Richard C. Russell "The Importance of Males: Larval Diet and Adult Sugar Feeding Influences Reproduction in Culex molestus," Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 28(4), 312-316, (1 December 2012). https://doi.org/10.2987/12-6274R.1
Published: 1 December 2012
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KEYWORDS
Culex molestus
larval diet
male mosquito
mating
sugar feeding
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