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1 December 2012 Studies On the Origin of Culex pipiens pipiens Form Molestus in New York City
Rebekah C. Kading
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Culex pipiens pipiens is comprised of two forms: Cx. pipiens pipiens form pipiens and Culex pipiens pipiens form molestus. One population of Cx. p. pipiens form molestus in the United States, located in the 91st Street sewer of New York City (NYC), has been relatively well-characterized. The objective of this review is to summarize the results of multiple independent studies on Cx. p. pipiens form molestus in NYC and present the current understanding of the origin of this population. While solid evidence exists supporting the genetic differentiation and population structuring between Cx. p. pipiens form pipiens and form molestus in NYC, the possibility that the 91st St. sewer population of form molestus was founded by local aboveground Cx. p. pipiens form pipiens cannot be ruled out based on available data to date. Future studies in the US should include sympatric populations of both forms of Cx. p. pipiens from around the world in order to provide the necessary context to resolve these phylogenetic relationships.

2012 by The American Mosquito Control Association, Inc.
Rebekah C. Kading "Studies On the Origin of Culex pipiens pipiens Form Molestus in New York City," Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 28(4s), 100-105, (1 December 2012).
Published: 1 December 2012

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Culex pipiens pipiens form molestus
Culex pipiens pipiens form pipiens
population genetics
West Nile virus
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