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1 March 2008 Epilithic chironomid larvae and water enrichment: is larval distribution explained by epilithon quantity or quality?
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The effects of nutrient enrichment of stream water on epilithic chironomid larval assemblages were examined during spring in a Mediterranean catchment. Three reaches that differed in degree of enrichment were selected for comparison. Water chemistry, epilithon biomass (as ash-free dry mass [AFDM]), epilithic algal biomass (as chlorophyll a [chl a]), algal biovolumes, and algal composition were analyzed to determine their association with density and taxonomic composition of epilithic chironomids. Kendall's τ coefficient of rank correlations and canonical correlation analysis were used to evaluate correlations between the chironomid and algal assemblages. Significant correlations were found between chironomid larval densities and total algal cell densities and biovolumes. Chironomid larval densities were not significantly correlated with chl a or AFDM. Several contrasting trends were identified in the relationships between chironomid and algal assemblages. Densities of fixed-tube scrapers, such as Eukiefferiella claripennis and Cricotopus bicinctus, were strongly correlated with biovolumes of Rhodophyceae and Diatomophyceae, whereas densities of free-living scrapers, such as Thienemaniella, were slightly correlated with Chlorophyceae biovolume. Therefore, nutrient enrichment strongly influenced epilithic chironomid assemblage structure through its effects on biovolumes and cell densities of the epilithic algal assemblages.

Alain Maasri, Stéphanie Fayolle, Emmanuel Gandouin, Robert Garnier, and Evelyne Franquet "Epilithic chironomid larvae and water enrichment: is larval distribution explained by epilithon quantity or quality?," Journal of the North American Benthological Society 27(1), 38-51, (1 March 2008).
Received: 6 February 2007; Accepted: 1 September 2007; Published: 1 March 2008

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