1 October 2009 The Ethnicity of the Vinelanders
Gunnar Karlsson
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This paper searches for the most logical answer to the question about the ethnicity of the European people who attempted to settle permanently on the continent of North America around the turn of the 11th century. Were they Norwegians, Icelanders, Greenlanders, or just Norsemen? Following a short study of the ethnic identities of Icelanders and Norwegians in the Viking Age, the answer suggested is that the Vinelanders had a double ethnic identity, a Greenlandic and a Norse one.

Gunnar Karlsson "The Ethnicity of the Vinelanders," Journal of the North Atlantic 2(sp2), 126-130, (1 October 2009). https://doi.org/10.3721/037.002.s213
Published: 1 October 2009
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