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1 June 2006 Ovipositional and ovicidal effects of the microbial agent Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis on Culex quinquefasciatus Say (Diptera: Culicidae)
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Abstract

The magnitude of oviposition as well as the size, shape and the number of eggs per of egg rafts egg raft were determined after gravid Culex quinquefasciatus Say oviposited on water treated with water dispersible granules (WDG) of Bacillus thuringiensis ssp. israelensis (Bti) and on untreated water. The mean number of eggs/raft was lower in the treated than in the untreated water. Bti concentrations from 0.5 to 2.0mg/L affected the shape of egg rafts and number of eggs in each raft. As the concentration of Bti increased from 0.5 to 2.0 mg/L the shape of egg rafts became more irregular with fewer eggs in each raft. Exposure to Bti at 2- and 26-h reduced the hatching rates, and fewer eggs hatched at 26-h of exposure to Bti. As the concentration of Bti WDG increased from 0.5 to 2.0 mg/L, the hatching rate decreased. Eggs exposed for 2-h to 2.0 mg/L Bti had a hatch of 30% after 24 h, the rate increasing to 57% after 72 h. In contrast, in 26-h exposed eggs to 2.0 mg/L Bti, the hatching rate after 24 h was only 12% and this rate increased to 39% after 72 h. In larvae from eggs exposed for 2 h, the survival rate was 40% at 2.0 mg/L Bti and 87% in untreated controls. In contrast, the survival rates of larvae from 26-h exposed eggs was 91% in controls while it was 30% at 2.0 mg/L Bti. As the concentration of Bti increased from 0.5 to 2.0 mg/l the survival rates of larvae decreased. The combined effects of reductions of egg rafts, low number of eggs per egg raft, and reduced hatching and survival rates could have significant cumulative effects on the yield of adult mosquitoes, and this could result in a greater control potential of this microbial agent.

Nayer S. Zahiri and Mir S. Mulla "Ovipositional and ovicidal effects of the microbial agent Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis on Culex quinquefasciatus Say (Diptera: Culicidae)," Journal of Vector Ecology 31(1), 29-34, (1 June 2006). https://doi.org/10.3376/1081-1710(2006)31[29:OAOEOT]2.0.CO;2
Received: 3 February 2005; Accepted: 3 August 2005; Published: 1 June 2006
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