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1 December 2009 Survey of Insect Growth Regulator (IGR) Resistance in House Flies (Musca domestica L.) from Southwestern Turkey
Huseyin Cetin, Fedai Erler, Atila Yanikoglu
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Insect growth regulators (IGRs) are currently the fastest-growing class of insecticides, and in Turkey these products represent a new approach to pest control. In recent years, several IGRs were also registered for the control of the house fly, Musca domestica L. (Diptera: Muscidae), in Turkey. A field survey was conducted in the summers of 2006 and 2007 to evaluate resistance to some agriculturally and medically used IGRs on house flies from livestock farms and garbage dumps in the greenhouse production areas (Merkez, Kumluca, Manavgat, and Serik) of Antalya province (Southwestern Turkey). The results of larval feeding assay with technical diflubenzuron, methoprene, novaluron, pyripoxyfen, and triflumuron indicate that low levels (RF< 10-fold) of resistance to the IGRs exist in the house fly populations from Antalya province. Exceptions, however, were two populations, Guzoren and Toptas, from the Kumluca area which showed moderate resistance to diflubenzuron with 11.8-fold in 2006 and 13.2-fold in 2007, respectively. We found substantial variation in susceptibility of field-collected house fly populations from year to year and from product to product. We generally observed an increase in resistance at many localities sampled from 2006 to 2007. The implications of these results to the future use of IGRs for house fly control are discussed. It will be critically important to continue monitoring efforts so that appropriate steps can be taken if resistance levels start to increase.

Huseyin Cetin, Fedai Erler, and Atila Yanikoglu "Survey of Insect Growth Regulator (IGR) Resistance in House Flies (Musca domestica L.) from Southwestern Turkey," Journal of Vector Ecology 34(2), 329-337, (1 December 2009).
Received: 18 August 2009; Accepted: 1 September 2009; Published: 1 December 2009

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house fly
insect growth regulator
Musca domestica
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