Translator Disclaimer
1 December 2015 Avian Plasmodium Infection in Field-Collected Mosquitoes During 2012–2013 in Tarlac, Philippines
Tien-Huang Chen, Wilfredo E. Aure, Estrella Irlandez Cruz, Fedelino F. Malbas Jr, Hwa-Jen Teng, Liang-Chen Lu, Kyeong Soon Kim, Yoshio Tsuda, Pei-Yun Shu
Author Affiliations +
Abstract

Global warming threatens to increase the spread and prevalence of mosquito-transmitted diseases. Certain pathogens may be carried by migratory birds and transmitted to local mosquito populations. Mosquitoes were collected in the northern Philippines during bird migration seasons to detect avian malaria parasites as well as for the identification of potential vector species and the estimation of infections among local mosquito populations. We used the nested PCR to detect the avian malaria species. Culex vishnui (47.6%) was the most abundant species collected and Cx. tritaeniorhynchus (13.8%) was the second most abundant. Avian Plasmodium parasites were found in eight mosquito species, for which the infection rates were between 0.5% and 6.2%. The six Plasmodium genetic lineages found in this study included P. juxtanucleare -GALLUS02, Tacy7 (Donana04), CXBIT01, Plasmodium species LIN2 New Zealand, and two unclassified lineages. The potential mosquito vectors for avian Plasmodium parasites in the Philippines were Cq. crassipes, Cx. fuscocephala, Cx. quinquefasciatus, Cx. sitiens, Cx. vishnui, and Ma. Uniformis; two major genetic lineages, P. juxtanucleare and Tacy7, were identified.

Tien-Huang Chen, Wilfredo E. Aure, Estrella Irlandez Cruz, Fedelino F. Malbas Jr, Hwa-Jen Teng, Liang-Chen Lu, Kyeong Soon Kim, Yoshio Tsuda, and Pei-Yun Shu "Avian Plasmodium Infection in Field-Collected Mosquitoes During 2012–2013 in Tarlac, Philippines," Journal of Vector Ecology 40(2), 386-392, (1 December 2015). https://doi.org/10.1111/jvec.12178
Received: 8 May 2015; Accepted: 1 August 2015; Published: 1 December 2015
JOURNAL ARTICLE
7 PAGES

This article is only available to subscribers.
It is not available for individual sale.
+ SAVE TO MY LIBRARY

SHARE
ARTICLE IMPACT
RIGHTS & PERMISSIONS
Get copyright permission
Back to Top