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4 December 2020 Comparison of blue cotton and blue polyester fabrics to attract hematophagous flies in cattle farms in Thailand
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Tabanids and stable flies are important nuisances to livestock and sometimes humans. Nzi, Vavoua, and Biconical traps or insecticide-impregnated blue screens are commonly used to attract and catch these flies. Such devices are made of a specific cotton or cotton-polyester phthalogen blue fabric acting as a visual attractant. However, the cost of cotton fabrics is high, and they are no longer available due to toxic dyes. The present study compared four blue polyester fabrics produced in Thailand with a reference blue cotton-polyester fabric made in France by TDV® to attract hematophagous flies. Vavoua traps and blue screens covered with a sticky film made with the five different blue fabrics were compared. The TDV® had the highest trapping scores; however, there was no significant difference between TDV® and some polyester fabrics. Among the tested polyester fabrics, CR Solon No.41 was nearly as effective as the TDV® in attracting biting flies. The mean attractivity indices of CR Solon No.41, NS No.1469, Globe 2000 No.21, Globe 2000 No.34 were 0.86, 0.79, 0.69, and 0.39, respectively. Thus, we recommend that CR Solon No.41 would be the appropriate fabric for the further development of low-cost and optimized screens and traps in Thailand and other countries.

Sathaporn Onju, Kornkanok Thaisungnoen, Roungthip Masmeatathip, Gérard Duvallet, and Marc Desquesnes "Comparison of blue cotton and blue polyester fabrics to attract hematophagous flies in cattle farms in Thailand," Journal of Vector Ecology 45(2), 262-268, (4 December 2020).
Received: 19 May 2020; Accepted: 6 August 2020; Published: 4 December 2020

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