Two new mastodonsaurid temnospondyls are described from the Early to Middle Triassic Cynognathus Assemblage Zone of the Upper Beaufort Group (Karoo Basin) of South Africa. Paracyclotosaurus morganorum, sp. nov. is based on a partial skull from the uppermost part of the Cynognathus Assemblage Zone (Subzone C; late Anisian) in the southern Karoo Basin, and is the first occurrence of the genus Paracyclotosaurus outside of India and Australia. Jammerbergia formops, gen. et sp. nov. is based on a partial skull, presumably from Subzone B (early Anisian) of the Cynognathus Assemblage Zone, and is distinctive in its unique suite of primitive and derived characters. Although the intrarelationships of mastodonsaurids remain largely unresolved, the two most recent analyses are similar in the identification of an ‘advanced’ mastodonsaurid clade whose members are characterized by laterally directed tabular horns. Jammerbergia probably belongs within this clade, albeit within a basal position. Jammerbergia and Paracyclotosaurus share the synapomorphy of large, antero-posteriorly expanded tabulars, and may represent sister taxa. The Cynognathus Assemblage Zone is characterized by three subzones of differing ages and faunas, with no overlap in the temnospondyls between the subzones.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.