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1 December 2007 A NEW BASAL GLYPTODONTID AND OTHER XENARTHRA OF THE EARLY MIOCENE CHUCAL FAUNA, NORTHERN CHILE
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Abstract

Three cingulates from the early Miocene Chucal Fauna of northern Chile (ca. 17.0–19 Ma; Santacrucian SALMA) are described. A dasypodid, represented by isolated osteoderms, a partial rostrum, and postcranial bones, resembles Stenotatus patagonicus (Eutatini), but is ca. 20% smaller (similar in size to Prozaedyus) and may represent a new Stenotatus species. Two isolated peltephilid osteoderms are referred to cf. Peltephilus sp. A new glyptodontid, Parapropalaehoplophorus septentrionalis, is represented by a mandible, ca. 25% of the carapace, a femur, and other postcrania. This new species differs from other glyptodontids in its dentition (triangular n1-3 and distobuccally elongaten 2-3), mandible (unexpanded angle, vertical coronoid process), osteoderms (absent/poorly defined peripheral figures, large principal figure positioned along posterior edge), and femur (highly elevated greater trochaner). A second specimen may represent P. septentrionalis or a closely related species. No sloths have yet been collected at Chucal. A preliminary phylogenetic analysis of glyptodontids—the first for the group—suggests that Glyptatelinae and Propalaehoplophorinae are paraphyletic and that Parapropalaehoplophorus is an early diverging glyptodontid, not closely related to other Santacrucian species. The revised faunal list for Chucal, which includes 18 mammals and one frog, is depauperate compared to coeval Patagonian faunas. This fauna probably occupied a relatively open, seasonal habitat. Endemism in the Chucal xenarthrans parallels that in other mammal groups, indicating significant latitudinal provinciality in South America during the early Miocene. Furthermore, the record of a glyptodontid basal to a radiation matches patterns observed in other Chucal groups (e.g., chinchilline rodents, mesotheriine notoungulates).

DARIN A. CROFT, JOHN J. FLYNN, and ANDRÉ R. WYSS "A NEW BASAL GLYPTODONTID AND OTHER XENARTHRA OF THE EARLY MIOCENE CHUCAL FAUNA, NORTHERN CHILE," Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 27(4), 781-797, (1 December 2007). https://doi.org/10.1671/0272-4634(2007)27[781:ANBGAO]2.0.CO;2
Accepted: 8 August 2007; Published: 1 December 2007
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