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1 March 2011 A New Pachypleurosaur (Reptilia: Sauropterygia) from the Lower Middle Triassic of Southwestern China and the Phylogenetic Relationships of Chinese Pachypleurosaurs
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Abstract

A new genus and species of Pachypleurosauria, Dianopachysaurus dingi, gen. et sp. nov., from a recently discovered Middle Triassic Lagerstätte in the Anisian Guanling Formation of Yunnan Province is described. The monophyly of Pachypleurosauria, including all potential Chinese pachypleurosaurs in this study, is supported by the rigorous cladistic analysis conducted here. Phylogenetic relationships of Chinese pachypleurosaurs are clarified. Wumengosaurus occupies the most basal position within Pachypleurosauria. Keichousaurus and Dianopachysaurus form the monophyletic Keichousauridae that is the sister group of all European pachypleurosaurs. Our cladistic analysis also supports a previously proposed paleobiogeographic hypothesis of an eastern Tethyan origin of pachypleurosaurs and their migration into the western Tethyan faunal province. The existence of a long ghost lineage as required by the paleobiogeographic hypothesis is greatly shortened by the discovery of Dianopachysaurus.

© 2011 by the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology
Jun Liu, Olivier Rieppel, Da-Yong Jiang, Jonathan C. Aitchison, Ryosuke Motani, Qi-Yue Zhang, Chang-Yong Zhou, and Yuan-Yuan Sun "A New Pachypleurosaur (Reptilia: Sauropterygia) from the Lower Middle Triassic of Southwestern China and the Phylogenetic Relationships of Chinese Pachypleurosaurs," Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 31(2), 292-302, (1 March 2011). https://doi.org/10.1080/02724634.2011.550363
Received: 19 May 2010; Accepted: 26 October 2010; Published: 1 March 2011
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