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24 April 2012 Long Bone Histology of Metoposaurus diagnosticus (Temnospondyli) from the Late Triassic of Krasiejów (Poland) and its Paleobiological Implications
Dorota Konietzko-Meier, P. Martin Sander
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Abstract

Long bones of the temnospondyl Metoposaurus diagnosticus krasiejowensis from the Late Triassic of Krasiejów, Poland, were studied using histological analysis. Six femora, three humeri, a radius, and an ulna were prepared for thin-sectioning. In all bones, the dominant type of primary bone matrix is parallel-fibered bone with secondary, or rarely primary, deposition of lamellar bone inside vascular canals. Two small humeri and the smallest femur showed incipient fibrolamellar bone, which may be a character typical for juvenile individuals. The medullary region is filled with well-developed trabecular bone. The growth marks in all bones are organized as thick layers of highly vascularized zones and thick compact annuli with numerous rest lines, which may correspond with favorably wet and long, unfavorably dry seasons. The thickness of the annuli is similar to the thickness of zones for reasons still unknown. Based on the highest estimated number of growth cycles in the femora, the long bones from Krasiejów all belong to juvenile animals. High amounts of Sharpey's fibers are very characteristic in all described bones. A new interpretation of mode of life is proposed based on these findings: the extremely flat skull, the relatively short and wide humerus, large manus, and limbs with strong muscles suggest that this species might have been able to burrow underground during the long unfavorable part of the year.

SUPPLEMENTAL DATA—Supplemental materials are available for this article for free at  www.tandfonline.com/UJVP

© 2013 by the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology
Dorota Konietzko-Meier and P. Martin Sander "Long Bone Histology of Metoposaurus diagnosticus (Temnospondyli) from the Late Triassic of Krasiejów (Poland) and its Paleobiological Implications," Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 33(5), 1003-1018, (24 April 2012). https://doi.org/10.1080/02724634.2013.765886
Received: 28 December 2012; Accepted: 1 January 2013; Published: 24 April 2012
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