Sera of 43 fallow deer (Cervus dama) of the San Rossore Preserve (Tuscany, Italy) were examined for antibodies against eight pathogens; one proved positive for Brucella sp., 21 for Listeria monocytogenes, 34 for Chlamydia psittaci, three for Coxiella burnetii, one for infectious bovine rhinotracheitis virus, 11 for parainfluenza-3 virus, 25 for bovine viral diarrhea virus and six for bovine respiratory syncytial virus. No age and sex difference in the positivity rates and titers was evidenced, while a sex difference was found both in rates of infection and in titers against parainfluenza-3 virus. Parainfluenza-3 infection was more prevalent in 1984 than in 1983 sampling. Sera of 20 wild boars (Sus scrofa) of the same preserve were examined for antibodies against five pathogens: four sera were positive for Brucella sp., while all were negative for Listeria monocytogenes, Chlamydia psittaci, Coxiella burnetii and Aujeszky's disease virus. Public and animal health involvement with these diseases are discussed for these respective host species.
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