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1 April 1988 EFFECTS OF BOTULISM ON DUCKS DRINKING SALINE WATER
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Abstract

Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos) ducklings (2 wk old) were given water from natural saline wetlands or fresh water as drinking water for 1 or 2 wk prior to, and after, receiving material containing Clostridium botulinum type C toxin. Water with conductivity ranging from 3,460 to 6,690 μmhos/cm had no detectable effect on the occurrence or severity of clinical signs of botulism. Ducks drinking water with conductivity of 7,130 μmhos/cm for 1 wk prior to receiving toxin had more severe clinical signs and greater mortality than did birds drinking fresh water. Ducks given the same water for 2 wk prior to receiving toxin did not differ from the controls in response to toxin. Fewer ducks in groups drinking the most saline water tested (conductivity = 13,500 μmhos/cm) had clinical signs of botulism than in groups drinking fresh water.

Wobeser: EFFECTS OF BOTULISM ON DUCKS DRINKING SALINE WATER
G. Wobeser "EFFECTS OF BOTULISM ON DUCKS DRINKING SALINE WATER," Journal of Wildlife Diseases 24(2), 240-245, (1 April 1988). https://doi.org/10.7589/0090-3558-24.2.240
Received: 5 August 1987; Published: 1 April 1988
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