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1 October 1988 ANTLER ANOMALIES IN TULE ELK
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Abstract

Antler anomalies were evident in tule elk (Cervus elaphus nannodes) within 1 yr of reintroduction to Point Reyes, California (USA). These anomalies are consistent with previously described mineral deficiency-induced anomalies in cervids. The elk were judged deficient in copper. Low levels of copper in soils and vegetation at the release site, exacerbated by possible protein deficiency due to poor range conditions, are postulated as likely causes of the antler anomalies.

Gogan, Jessup, and Barrett: ANTLER ANOMALIES IN TULE ELK
Peter J. P. Gogan, David A. Jessup, and Reginald H. Barrett "ANTLER ANOMALIES IN TULE ELK," Journal of Wildlife Diseases 24(4), 656-662, (1 October 1988). https://doi.org/10.7589/0090-3558-24.4.656
Received: 29 August 1987; Published: 1 October 1988
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