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1 January 1990 PHYSIOLOGICAL AND BEHAVIORAL RESPONSES OF GRAY WOLVES (CANIS LUPUS) TO IMMOBILIZATION WITH TILETAMINE AND ZOLAZEPAM
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Abstract

We conducted a series of experiments to examine the efficacy of Telazol® (TEL) for immobilization of captive gray wolves (Canis lupus). Ten wolves were immobilized with either 5 or 10 mg/kg TEL. There was no difference in induction time (6.5 ± 0.8 versus 5.8 ±1.2 min; P = 0.63) between the two doses, but the time to initial arousal was longer for the higher dose (P = 0.0008). Wolves were again immobilized with 10 mg/kg TEL and upon initial arousal were given additional doses of either 5.0 mg/kg TEL or 2.5 mg/kg ketamine (KET) to maintain immobilization. Wolves given boosters of TEL had longer second recovery times than wolves given KET (P = 0.01). There were no differences in induction times or arousal times for wolves immobilized with TEL that had been reconstituted with sterile water and stored at 20 C for 30 days (P ≥ 0.11) or 60 days (P ≥ 0.27) when compared to immobilization times using fresh solution. Induction times for wolves given TEL reconstituted with water and propylene glycol and stored for 60 days at −9 C were longer (P < 0.05) than such times for wolves given standard TEL, but time to initial arousal was unchanged (P ≥ 0.44). There were no differences in heart rates (P = 0.36), blood pressures (P = 0.32), respiratory rates (P = 0.91), and rectal temperatures (P = 0.62) between the two TEL doses. Telazol® was shown to be an effective and safe immobilizing agent for gray wolves.

Kreeger, Seal, Callahan, and Beckel: PHYSIOLOGICAL AND BEHAVIORAL RESPONSES OF GRAY WOLVES (CANIS LUPUS) TO IMMOBILIZATION WITH TILETAMINE AND ZOLAZEPAM
Terry J. Kreeger, Ulysses S. Seal, Margaret Callahan, and Mark Beckel "PHYSIOLOGICAL AND BEHAVIORAL RESPONSES OF GRAY WOLVES (CANIS LUPUS) TO IMMOBILIZATION WITH TILETAMINE AND ZOLAZEPAM," Journal of Wildlife Diseases 26(1), 90-94, (1 January 1990). https://doi.org/10.7589/0090-3558-26.1.90
Received: 21 March 1989; Published: 1 January 1990
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