Live-captured striped skunks (Mephitis mephitis) and raccoons (Procyon lotor) were immunized with inactivated rabies vaccine by intramuscular injection and released at the point of capture during a rabies control program in Metropolitan Toronto (Ontario, Canada). Serum samples collected prior to and following vaccination revealed that 100% of the skunks and 98% of the raccoons seroconverted. Rabies antibody was still detectable 314 to 757 days postvaccination. Five of six skunks vaccinated in the laboratory survived challenge with rabies virus 90 days postvaccination. To our knowledge, this is the first documentation of the successful seroconversion of skunks and raccoons vaccinated against rabies in the field.
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