Fruit bats (Eidolon helvum) were collected from three different localities in Western Nigeria: Oti, Ibadan and Idanre. Fifty serum samples were analyzed using a modified rapid fluorescent focus inhibition technique against rabies, Mokola, Lagos bat and Duvenhage viruses. Twenty-five brain samples were screened for rabies and related lyssavirus antigens by direct fluorescent antibody microscopy and by an indirect fluorescent antibody technique with rabies anti-nucleocapsid monoclonal antibodies. All brain samples were negative. Two serum samples had relatively high anti-rabies activity; no neutralizing activity was detected against Mokola, Lagos bat or Duvenhage viruses.
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