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1 July 2006 REPEATED LOW-LEVEL EXPOSURE OF THE ROUND GOBY (NEOGOBIUS MELANOSTOMAS) TO CLOSTRIDIUM BOTULINUM TYPE E NEUROTOXIN
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Abstract

In a 4-mo study (June 2004–September 2004), round gobies (Neogobius melanostomas) were dosed orally every 72 hr for up to 21 days with Clostridium botulinum neurotoxin type E (BoNT/E) at one of four doses: 0, 50, 250, and 500 mouse lethal doses (MLD). Fish were observed for changes in pigmentation and behavior for the duration of the experiment. Mortality was observed with all treatments, with the exception of the 0 MLD control. Clinical signs observed were consistent with prior research and appeared to occur in a threshold manner. The mean times to death and percent mortalities were dose dependant. Hazard ratios were determined to have a significant positive (parameter estimate=0.03) linear relationship with dose. The hazard ratio showed that per one unit dose increase, the instantaneous probability of a fish dying increased 1.02%. Postmortem analysis of experimental fish demonstrated that 11% (3/27) of fish contained detectable BoNT/E in their visceral fraction. The other 89% tested negative for BoNT/E, despite the fact that all fish died as a result of BoNT/E exposure. Therefore, botulism should not necessarily be ruled out as the cause of a fish kill, even if the fish test negative for BoNT/E.

Yule, LePage, Austin, Barker, and Moccia: REPEATED LOW-LEVEL EXPOSURE OF THE ROUND GOBY (NEOGOBIUS MELANOSTOMAS) TO CLOSTRIDIUM BOTULINUM TYPE E NEUROTOXIN
Adam M. Yule, Véronique LePage, John W. Austin, Ian K. Barker, and Richard D. Moccia "REPEATED LOW-LEVEL EXPOSURE OF THE ROUND GOBY (NEOGOBIUS MELANOSTOMAS) TO CLOSTRIDIUM BOTULINUM TYPE E NEUROTOXIN," Journal of Wildlife Diseases 42(3), 494-500, (1 July 2006). https://doi.org/10.7589/0090-3558-42.3.494
Received: 6 May 2005; Published: 1 July 2006
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