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1 July 2011 Ingestion of Lead and Nontoxic Shot by Green-winged Teal (Anas crecca) and Northern Shovelers (Anas clypeata) from the Mid-Gulf Coast of Texas, USA
Drew A. Garrison, Alan M. Fedynich, Autumn J. Smith, Pamela J. Ferro, David A. Butler, Markus J. Peterson, Blanca Lupiani
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Abstract

Ninety-eight Green-winged Teal (Anas crecca) and 84 Northern Shoveler (Anas clypeata) gizzards were examined for ingested shot. One Northern Shoveler had lead and three had steel shot; 24 teal and 17 shovelers had composite nontoxic shot or nonlead metal fragments. Prevalence of ingested lead appears minimal and consistent with other studies conducted after lead-shot bans.

Drew A. Garrison, Alan M. Fedynich, Autumn J. Smith, Pamela J. Ferro, David A. Butler, Markus J. Peterson, and Blanca Lupiani "Ingestion of Lead and Nontoxic Shot by Green-winged Teal (Anas crecca) and Northern Shovelers (Anas clypeata) from the Mid-Gulf Coast of Texas, USA," Journal of Wildlife Diseases 47(3), 784-786, (1 July 2011). https://doi.org/10.7589/0090-3558-47.3.784
Received: 20 April 2010; Accepted: 1 March 2011; Published: 1 July 2011
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