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1 January 2012 PREVALENCE OF ANTIBODIES TO SELECTED VIRAL PATHOGENS IN WILD BOARS (SUS SCROFA) IN CROATIA IN 2005–06 AND 2009–10
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Abstract

We determined prevalence of antibody to selected viral pathogens important for domestic pigs and livestock in 556 wild boar (Sus scrofa) sera collected during 2005–06 and 2009– 10 in four counties in Croatia. These counties account for an important part of the Croatian commercial pig production and have a high density of wild boars. Samples were tested for antibodies to porcine parvovirus (PPV), Aujeszky’s disease virus (ADV), porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2), swine influenza virus, porcine respiratory and reproductive syndrome virus (PRRSV), porcine respiratory coronavirus (PRCV), transmissible gastroenteritis virus, and swine vesicular disease virus (SVDV). Antibodies to all of the infectious pathogens except SVDV were detected. There was a statistically significant difference in prevalence between the two periods for PPV, ADV, PCV2, PRRSV, and PRCV, with a higher prevalence of PPV and ADV in the 2009–10 period (P<0.05). During the same period, the prevalence of PCV2, PRRSV, and PRCV was lower (P<0.05). Our results provide information on the current disease exposure and health status of wild boars in Croatia and suggest that wild boars may act as a reservoir for several pathogens and a source of infection for domestic pigs and other livestock as well as humans, especially for ADV.

Besi Roic, Lorena Jemersic, Svjetlana Terzic, Tomislav Keros, Jelena Balatinec, and Tihomir Florijancic "PREVALENCE OF ANTIBODIES TO SELECTED VIRAL PATHOGENS IN WILD BOARS (SUS SCROFA) IN CROATIA IN 2005–06 AND 2009–10," Journal of Wildlife Diseases 48(1), 131-137, (1 January 2012). https://doi.org/10.7589/0090-3558-48.1.131
Received: 8 June 2010; Accepted: 1 July 2011; Published: 1 January 2012
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