An 8 year study of the influence of climate on the seasonal prevalence of bubonic plague in the Republic of Vietnam has been completed. Climatic conditions were found to influence the course of plague epidemics in 2 ways: 1) by regulating the density of the flea population; and, 2) by regulating the efficiency of Xenopsylla cheopis in transmitting the plague bacillus. Slight variations in temperature, relative humidity, and vapor pressure deficits either permit an epidemic to flourish or cause a decline in its intensity.
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