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1 November 2007 Genetic and Environmental Interaction in White-Tailed Deer
MITCHELL A. LOCKWOOD, DON B. FRELS, WILLIAM E. ARMSTRONG, EUGENE FUCHS, DONNIE E. HARMEL
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Abstract

We applied an 8-year selection process in an attempt to determine if yearling antler quality in subsequent cohorts could be improved by selecting for yearling male white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) exhibiting relatively superior antler potential under suboptimal nutritional conditions. In 41 single-sire (breeding M) breeding herds, 217 yearling males were produced on an 8% protein diet of limited quantity. All antler measurements increased significantly (P < 0.001) during the study: number of points ( 3.2), inside spread ( 96.5 mm), main beam length ( 129.1 mm), basal circumference ( 21.6 mm), and total antler weight ( 231.3 g). Furthermore, mean gross Boone and Crockett (GBC) score increased (P < 0.001) linearly throughout the study, with the GBC of the 1999 cohort exceeding that of the 1993 cohort by 36.4 in (923.0 mm). These data provide insight to the effectiveness of a selection process (i.e., culling) in an overall deer-management program.

MITCHELL A. LOCKWOOD, DON B. FRELS, WILLIAM E. ARMSTRONG, EUGENE FUCHS, and DONNIE E. HARMEL "Genetic and Environmental Interaction in White-Tailed Deer," Journal of Wildlife Management 71(8), 2732-2735, (1 November 2007). https://doi.org/10.2193/2005-517
Published: 1 November 2007
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