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1 September 2004 FIELD USE OF ISOFLURANE AND AIR ANESTHETIC EQUIPMENT IN WILDLIFE
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Abstract

Conventional inhalation anesthesia of wildlife species within natural habitats presents significant practical problems. Heavy cylinders of medical grade oxygen are often unavailable in field situations. Equipment has been modified to permit the delivery of isoflurane in ambient air as the carrier and to be fitted with circuitry adaptable for different species and anesthetic situations. Preliminary empirical studies at low altitude in a range of small mammalian and avian species demonstrate the suitability of this combination and these techniques for inducing and maintaining anesthesia in clinically normal patients undergoing relatively minor procedures. The equipment has also been used to deepen and prolong anesthesia in several larger species, including great apes and large cats, after induction with injectable agents. These techniques, in combination with pulse oximetry to detect hypoxemia, provide a cheap, robust, and portable inhalation anesthetic system for field situations that is not dependent on compressed gasses.

John C. M. Lewis "FIELD USE OF ISOFLURANE AND AIR ANESTHETIC EQUIPMENT IN WILDLIFE," Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 35(3), 303-311, (1 September 2004). https://doi.org/10.1638/03-072
Received: 4 August 2003; Published: 1 September 2004
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