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1 June 2007 ANTIBODY RESPONSE OF FIVE BIRD SPECIES AFTER VACCINATION WITH A KILLED WEST NILE VIRUS VACCINE
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Abstract

West Nile virus has been associated with numerous bird mortalities in the United States since 1999. Five avian species at three zoological parks were selected to assess the antibody response to vaccination for West Nile virus: black-footed penguins (Spheniscus demersus), little blue penguins (Eudyptula minor), American flamingos (Phoenicopterus ruber), Chilean flamingos (Phoenicopterus chilensis), and Attwater's prairie chickens (Tympanuchus cupido attwateri). All birds were vaccinated intramuscularly at least twice with a commercially available inactivated whole virus vaccine (Innovator). Significant differences in antibody titer over time were detected for black-footed penguins and both flamingo species.

Danelle M. Okeson, Shirley Yeo Llizo, Christine L. Miller, and Amy L. Glaser " ANTIBODY RESPONSE OF FIVE BIRD SPECIES AFTER VACCINATION WITH A KILLED WEST NILE VIRUS VACCINE," Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 38(2), 240-244, (1 June 2007). https://doi.org/10.1638/1042-7260(2007)038[0240:AROFBS]2.0.CO;2
Received: 17 October 2005; Published: 1 June 2007
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