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1 September 2007 SPOTTED BLACK SNAKE (PSEUDECHIS GUTTATUS) ENVENOMATION IN A MANED WOLF (CHRYSOCYON BRACHYURUS)
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Abstract

Envenomation by a spotted black snake (Pseudechis guttatus), following multiple bites on the buccal mucosa of a captive maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus), caused the animal's collapse, hemolysis, rhabdomyolysis, local tissue necrosis, hepatic and renal failure, and subsequent death. The wolf died despite intensive supportive care including antivenom administration, fluid support, and a blood transfusion. Gross necropsy findings included myocardial and intestinal hemorrhage, pulmonary congestion, hepatomegaly, and splenomegaly. Microscopic examination of formalin-fixed tissues demonstrated pulmonary and abdominal visceral hemorrhage, acute nephrosis with casts, multifocal hepatic necrosis, and splenic congestion.

Timothy J. Portas and Richard J. Montali "SPOTTED BLACK SNAKE (PSEUDECHIS GUTTATUS) ENVENOMATION IN A MANED WOLF (CHRYSOCYON BRACHYURUS)," Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 38(3), 483-487, (1 September 2007). https://doi.org/10.1638/1042-7260(2007)38[483:SBSPGE]2.0.CO;2
Received: 26 May 2005; Published: 1 September 2007
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