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1 December 2007 TREATMENT OF LEAD TOXICITY AND CROP STASIS IN A CALIFORNIA CONDOR (GYMNOGYPS CALIFORNIANUS)
Janna Wynne, Cynthia Stringfield
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Abstract

A free-ranging California condor (Gymnogyps californianus) presented severely dehydrated, unable to stand, very weak, and with a distended crop. Toxicologic analysis revealed an elevated blood lead level of 291.4 μg/ ml. There was no evidence of lead exposure on radiographs. The condor was treated with chelating agents and intensive supportive care. Over a period of 10 days, a majority of its clinical signs improved, and lead levels dropped to near normal. However, the condor was left with a severe, persistent crop stasis and malnutrition. An esophagostomy tube, and later an ingluviostomy tube, were placed and maintained for a period of 1 mo. The condor was managed with continuous infusion feeding. After the feeding tube was removed, the condor was managed with small amounts of soft food orally. After 10 wk of treatment, the crop returned to normal function.

Janna Wynne and Cynthia Stringfield "TREATMENT OF LEAD TOXICITY AND CROP STASIS IN A CALIFORNIA CONDOR (GYMNOGYPS CALIFORNIANUS)," Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 38(4), 588-590, (1 December 2007). https://doi.org/10.1638/2007-0040R.1
Received: 6 May 2007; Published: 1 December 2007
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KEYWORDS
California condor
continuous infusion feeding
crop stasis
Gymnogyps californianus
lead toxicity
nutrition
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