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1 March 2008 Chronic Endometritis in an Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus)
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A 48-yr-old female Asian elephant with a history of pododermatitis developed recurrent hematuria beginning in 2002. Transrectal ultrasonography and endoscopic examination in 2004 identified the uterus as the source of hematuria and excluded hemorrhagic cystitis. Treatment with Desloreline implants, antibiotics, and homeopathic drugs led to an improved general condition of the elephant. In July 2005, the elephant was suddenly found dead. During necropsy, the severely enlarged uterus contained about 250 L of purulent fluid, and histopathology revealed ulcerative suppurative endometritis with high numbers of Streptococcus equi ssp. zooepidemicus and Escherichia coli identified on aerobic culture. Additional findings at necropsy included: multifocal severe pododermatitis, uterine leiomyoma, and numerous large calcified areas of abdominal fat necrosis. Microbiologic culture of the pododermatitis lesion revealed the presence of Streptococcus agalactiae, Streptococcus equi ssp. zooepidemicus, Staphylococcus sp., Corynebacterium sp., and Entercoccus sp.

Heike Aupperle, Anne Reischauer, Franz Bach, Thomas Hildebrandt, Frank Göritz, Kathrin Jäger, Regina Scheller, Hans-Jörg Klaue, and H-A. Schoon "Chronic Endometritis in an Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus)," Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 39(1), 107-110, (1 March 2008).
Received: 2 November 2006; Published: 1 March 2008

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