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1 June 2009 Respiratory Disease Associated with Bordetella bronchiseptica in a Hoffmann's Two-Toed Sloth (Choloepus hoffmanni)
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Abstract

A 2-yr-old female captive-born Hoffmann's two-toed sloth (Choloepus hoffmanni) presented with respiratory disease. A severe inspiratory dyspnea with nasal congestion was observed with open-mouthed breathing and bilateral mucopurulent nasal exudate. Despite initial treatment with broad-spectrum antimicrobial therapy and anti-inflammatory and supportive care, the dyspnea persisted. The animal was anesthetized for bronchoscopy to obtain a deep tracheal sample. Based on culture of Bordetella bronchiseptica and sensitivity, a combination of systemic enrofloxacin, dexamethasone, and coupage with nebulization of saline, gentamicin, and albuterol as well as supportive care resulted in full recovery after 6 weeks of treatment.

Elizabeth E. Hammond, Daniel Sosa, Robert Beckerman, and Roberto F. Aguilar "Respiratory Disease Associated with Bordetella bronchiseptica in a Hoffmann's Two-Toed Sloth (Choloepus hoffmanni)," Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 40(2), 369-372, (1 June 2009). https://doi.org/10.1638/2008-0086.1
Received: 19 May 2008; Published: 1 June 2009
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