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1 September 2011 Evaluation of Antibody Response to Vaccination Against West Nile Virus in Thick Billed Parrots (Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha)
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Abstract

West Nile virus (WNV) was first documented in North America in New York City in 1999. Several deaths attributable to WNV have been reported in captive thick-billed parrots (Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha), an endangered psittacine native to North America. The serologic responses in 12 captive adult thick-billed parrots after a series of three initial WNV vaccine injections with annual boosters over 6 yr was evaluated. In addition, the serologic responses of 11 thick-billed parrot chicks following an initial vaccination series to determine if there were seroconversions were also reported. Most adults (67%) had seroconverted after 5 yr of annual vaccination, with a median titer of 1:80 (range 1:40–1:160) for those that seroconverted. After the first year, birds were likely naturally exposed to WNV, which limited interpretation of titers. None of the chicks seroconverted during the initial three-vaccine series; only two of four chicks (50%) had seroconverted when tested at the 1-yr yearly booster, and at 2 yr, three of four chicks had seroconverted. Although some birds had detectable antibody titers, it is unclear whether this vaccine can reliably provide protection against WNV in thick-billed parrots.

American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Jennifer Glavis, R. Scott Larsen, Nadine Lamberski, Patricia Gaffney, and Ian Gardner "Evaluation of Antibody Response to Vaccination Against West Nile Virus in Thick Billed Parrots (Rhynchopsitta pachyrhyncha)," Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 42(3), 495-498, (1 September 2011). https://doi.org/10.1638/2010-0138.1
Received: 19 August 2010; Published: 1 September 2011
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