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14 December 2012 COMPARISON OF LARYNGEAL MASK AIRWAY USE WITH ENDOTRACHEAL INTUBATION DURING ANESTHESIA OF WESTERN LOWLAND GORILLAS (GORILLA GORILLA GORILLA)
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Abstract

The laryngeal mask airway is an alternative to endotracheal intubation that achieves control of the airway by creating a seal around the larynx with an inflatable cuff. This study compared use of the laryngeal mask airway with endotracheal intubation in anesthetized western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla). Eight adult gorillas were immobilized for routine and diagnostic purposes for a total of nine anesthetic events. During each anesthetic event, gorillas were either intubated (n = 4; group A) or fitted with a laryngeal mask airway (n = 5; group B). Time required to place each airway device, physiologic parameters, and arterial blood gas were measured and compared between the two groups. There were no significant differences between the two groups for time required to place airway device, heart rate, hemoglobin oxygen saturation, end-tidal carbon dioxide, arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide, or arterial pH between the two groups. Mean arterial partial pressure of oxygen was significantly greater in group B, 15 (group A: 94 ± 44 mm Hg; group B: 408 ± 36 mm Hg; P = 0.0025) and 45 (group A: 104 ± 21 mm Hg; group B: 407 ± 77 mm Hg; P = 0.0026) min after airway device placement. Mean respiratory rate was significantly greater in group A at multiple time points. Mean arterial pressure (group A: 129 ± 16 mm Hg; group B: 60 ± 8 mm Hg) and diastolic blood pressure (group A: 115 ± 21 mm Hg; group B: 36 ± 10 mm Hg) were significantly greater in group A at the time of airway device placement. The laryngeal mask airway maintained oxygenation and ventilation effectively in all gorillas and is a useful alternative to endotracheal intubation in western lowland gorillas.

American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Shannon N. Cerveny, Jennifer J. D'Agostino, Michelle R. Davis, and Mark E. Payton "COMPARISON OF LARYNGEAL MASK AIRWAY USE WITH ENDOTRACHEAL INTUBATION DURING ANESTHESIA OF WESTERN LOWLAND GORILLAS (GORILLA GORILLA GORILLA)," Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 43(4), 759-767, (14 December 2012). https://doi.org/10.1638/2011-0081R.1
Received: 26 April 2011; Published: 14 December 2012
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