Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) are susceptible to many viral and bacterial pathogens of human origin. This case series reports an acute outbreak of respiratory disease due to human respiratory syncytial virus and Streptococcus pneumoniae in a single group of 30 captive chimpanzees. Both pathogens are potentially zoonotic. The diagnosis was made antemortem and enabled a targeted response to the outbreak; but it more importantly, prompted improvements to the disease surveillance, biosecurity for risk mitigation and risk communication protocols within the zoo. A defined zoonotic disease risk communication pathway provides a model for management and compliance requirements for other collections.
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