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1 September 2013 MENINGOENCEPHALITIS WITH SECONDARY OBSTRUCTIVE HYDROCEPHALUS CAUSED BY PROBABLE COCCIDIOIDES SPECIES IN A BUFF-CHEEKED GIBBON (NOMASCUS GABRIELLAE)
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Abstract

An 8-yr-old male buff-cheeked gibbon (Nomascus gabriellae) acutely developed abnormal behavior, decreased appetite, and dull mentation. Mild generalized muscle wasting and weight loss were the only other abnormalities noted on examination. Routine immunodiffusion serology for Coccidioides spp. were IgG and IgM positive. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain was suggestive of an infectious meningoencephalitis with secondary obstructive hydrocephalus. A ventriculoperitoneal shunt was placed in standard fashion to reduce the imminent risk of mortality from increased intracranial pressure. Postoperative treatment included oral fluconazole, a tapered course of prednisolone, and physical therapy. Clinical signs improved steadily and the gibbon was fit to return to exhibit 8 wk post–shunt placement. This case of coccidioidomycosis demonstrates the complications that can occur with dissemination to the central nervous system and its management. It is the first published report describing the use of ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement in this species.

American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Alexandra Goe, Julie Swenson, Gary West, and Jason Evans "MENINGOENCEPHALITIS WITH SECONDARY OBSTRUCTIVE HYDROCEPHALUS CAUSED BY PROBABLE COCCIDIOIDES SPECIES IN A BUFF-CHEEKED GIBBON (NOMASCUS GABRIELLAE)," Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 44(3), 781-785, (1 September 2013). https://doi.org/10.1638/2012-0284R.1
Received: 3 December 2012; Published: 1 September 2013
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