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1 September 2013 MODIFIED-CLOSED CASTRATION: A NOVEL TECHNIQUE FOR SEA OTTER (ENHYDRA LUTRIS NEREIS) ORCHIECTOMIES
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Abstract

A novel surgical technique was used in the routine castrations of two intact male southern sea otters, Enhydra lutris nereis, housed at the Georgia Aquarium (Atlanta, Georgia, USA). This technique involved incising the parietal vaginal tunic to allow placement of double ligation of the ductus deferens, testicular artery, and pampiniform plexus en masse. After ligating and transecting these structures, they were introduced back into the tunic, which was closed with a circumferential ligature. The incision site was closed in a routine manner. Both otters recovered well from the procedure. One otter had mild cutaneous dehiscence postoperatively, and the other had no obvious complications. Benefits of this procedure include reduced risk of ligature slippage or loosening and resultant hemorrhage, as provided by the traditional open portion of the castration, and decreased postoperative swelling, as provided by the closed part of the castration. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first time this technique has been described for use in sea otters.

American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Alexa J. McDermott, Tonya Clauss, Sherisse Sakals, Johanna Mejia-Fava, and MaryAnn G. Radlinsky "MODIFIED-CLOSED CASTRATION: A NOVEL TECHNIQUE FOR SEA OTTER (ENHYDRA LUTRIS NEREIS) ORCHIECTOMIES," Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 44(3), 786-789, (1 September 2013). https://doi.org/10.1638/2013-0004R1.1
Received: 14 February 2013; Published: 1 September 2013
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