Translator Disclaimer
1 March 2014 COCCIDIOIDOMYCOSIS IN A PACIFIC WALRUS (ODOBENUS ROSMARUS DIVERGENS)
Author Affiliations +
Abstract

An 11yr-old female Pacific walrus (Odobenus rosmarus divergens) demonstrated decreased appetite and weight loss approximately 4 wk after truck transport from a northern California facility to a southern California facility. An initial blood analysis revealed a leukocytosis of 22,800 white blood cells (WBC)/μl, with a left shift, low iron (58 μg/dl), and mild hyperglobulinemia (4.3 g/dl). Empiric antibiotic therapy was started with amoxicillin and clavulanic acid (14 mg/kg p.o. b.i.d.). Clinical improvement was observed initially; however, follow-up blood analysis demonstrated a persistent leukocytosis (24,000 WBC/μl), with left shift and progressive hyperglobulinemia (6.7 mg/dl). As a result of the relapse of clinical signs on antibiotic therapy, aggressive antifungal therapy was initiated with voriconazole (1.8 mg/kg p.o. s.i.d.). Concurrent fungal immunodiffusion antibody assays and complement fixation were repetitively positive for coccidioidomycosis. The walrus improved clinically over the next 3 mo and is currently stable on antifungal therapy at its originating facility in northern California.

American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Todd L. Schmitt and Diana G. Procter "COCCIDIOIDOMYCOSIS IN A PACIFIC WALRUS (ODOBENUS ROSMARUS DIVERGENS)," Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 45(1), 173-175, (1 March 2014). https://doi.org/10.1638/2013-0098R.1
Received: 29 May 2013; Published: 1 March 2014
JOURNAL ARTICLE
3 PAGES


SHARE
ARTICLE IMPACT
RIGHTS & PERMISSIONS
Get copyright permission
Back to Top