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1 June 2014 ENDOPARASITES IN MAMMALS FROM SEVEN ZOOLOGICAL GARDENS IN ROMANIA
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Abstract

Animals from seven zoological gardens located in Romania, including 18 species of herbivores, 10 species of carnivores, and 13 species of omnivores, were screened for the presence of parasites. Overall, the prevalences of parasites identified in the sampled population were 54.2% (58/107) for herbivores, 54.5% (24/44) for carnivores, and 32.6% (17/52) for omnivores. In herbivores, Eimeria spp., Dicrocelium lanceolatum, and pulmonary and digestive strongyles were detected. In carnivores, the genera Eimeria and Cystoisospora and nematodes from Ancylostomatidae, Strongyloidae, Ascaridae, Capillariidae and Trichocephalidae were identified. Of 13 omnivore species included in the study, parasites from Eimeridae, Ascaridae, Strongyloidae, and Trichocephalidae were identified in seven species. Toxoplasma antibodies were identified using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in all definitive hosts (lions and wild cats) examined. In intermediate hosts (herbivores and omnivores), antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii had a prevalence of 58.8%, except in wild boars (Sus scrofa), in which the prevalence was 100%.

American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Gheorghe Dărăbuş, Mihăită Afrenie, Ionela Hotea, Mirela Imre, and Sorin Morariu "ENDOPARASITES IN MAMMALS FROM SEVEN ZOOLOGICAL GARDENS IN ROMANIA," Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 45(2), 239-246, (1 June 2014). https://doi.org/10.1638/2012-0170.1
Received: 24 August 2012; Published: 1 June 2014
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