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1 December 2014 COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY AND MAGNETIC RESONANCE FOR THE ADVANCED IMAGING OF THE NORMAL NASAL CAVITY AND PARANASAL SINUSES OF THE KOALA (PHASCOLARCTOS CINEREUS)
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Abstract

The objective of this study is to describe computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) for the cross-sectional imaging of the normal anatomy of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses of the koala (Phascolarctos cinereus), to provide reference figures for gross anatomy with corresponding CT and MR images, and to compare the features of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses of the normal koala with that reported in other domestic species. Advanced imaging can be used to aid in diagnosis, to plan surgical intervention, and to monitor therapeutic responses to diseases of the nasal passages in koalas. One clinically normal koala was anesthetized twice for the separate acquisition of dorsal CT scan images and transverse, dorsal, and sagittal MR images of its nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. Sagittal and transverse CT planes were reformatted. Three fresh koala skulls were also transected in one of each transverse, sagittal, and dorsal planes and photographed. The CT and MR images obtained were matched with corresponding gross anatomic images and the normal bone, tissues, and airway passages were identified. All anatomic structures were readily identifiable on CT, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and gross images. CT and MRI are both valuable diagnostic tools for imaging the nasal cavities and paranasal sinuses of koalas. Images obtained from this project can be used as baseline references for future comparison with diseased koalas to help with diagnosis, surgical intervention, and response to therapy.

Copyright 2014 by American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Marjorie Bercier, Kate Alexander, April Gorow, and Geoffrey W. Pye "COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY AND MAGNETIC RESONANCE FOR THE ADVANCED IMAGING OF THE NORMAL NASAL CAVITY AND PARANASAL SINUSES OF THE KOALA (PHASCOLARCTOS CINEREUS)," Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 45(4), 766-774, (1 December 2014). https://doi.org/10.1638/2013-0290.1
Received: 10 December 2013; Published: 1 December 2014
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