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1 September 2016 LEISHMANIA SPP. IN DIDELPHIS SPP. FROM NORTHEASTERN BRAZIL
Edson Moura Silva, Leucio Câmara Alves, Neurisvan Ramos Guerra, Márcia Paula Oliveira Farias, Elton Luiz Ritir Oliveira, Ricardo César de Souza, Carneiro da Cunha, Rafael Antonio Nascimento Ramos, Wagnner José Nascimento Porto
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Abstract

The synanthropic behavior of marsupials of the genus Didelphis in endemic areas of leishmaniasis suggests that these animals may play an important role in the epidemiology of this infection. The aim of the present study was to detect Leishmania spp. DNA in Didelphis albiventris (white-eared opossum) and Didelphis aurita (big-eared opossum) living in forested and peridomestic areas of northeastern Brazil. Blood samples were collected from 25 animals (23 D. albiventris and 2 D. aurita) by cardiac puncture and then analyzed via PCR. Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis DNA complex was detected in 4 (16%) of the 25 samples, whereas no samples scored positive for Leishmania (Leishmania) donovani complex. Our data suggest that D. albiventris participates in the wild enzootic cycle of the L. (V.) braziliensis complex. Therefore, humans living in this area are at risk of infection, because Didelphis species are in constant movement between wild and urban environments.

Copyright 2016 by American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Edson Moura Silva, Leucio Câmara Alves, Neurisvan Ramos Guerra, Márcia Paula Oliveira Farias, Elton Luiz Ritir Oliveira, Ricardo César de Souza, Carneiro da Cunha, Rafael Antonio Nascimento Ramos, and Wagnner José Nascimento Porto "LEISHMANIA SPP. IN DIDELPHIS SPP. FROM NORTHEASTERN BRAZIL," Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 47(3), 942-944, (1 September 2016). https://doi.org/10.1638/2015-0148.1
Received: 26 June 2015; Published: 1 September 2016
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