Translator Disclaimer
1 September 2017 UROLITHIASIS IN FREE-RANGING AND CAPTIVE OTTERS (LUTRA LUTRA AND AONYX CINEREA) IN EUROPE
Author Affiliations +
Abstract

Between 1996 and 1998, 477 dead otters from different Central European countries were examined for urolithiasis, including 449 free-ranging Eurasian otters (Lutra lutra) as well as 17 Eurasian otters and 11 Asian small-clawed otters (Aonyx cinerea) from captivity. In the free-ranging specimens, uroliths (sand or stones) were found in 105 animals (23.4%), with no significant difference (P = 0.77) between the sexes. Uroliths were not present in any juveniles (n = 26) and urolithiasis was not considered the main cause of death in any individual. In captive specimens, uroliths were found in 11 out of 17 Eurasian otters (64.7%; four males and seven females), and in 3 out of 11 Asian small-clawed otters (27.3%). Histology could not find any signs of inflammation in examined kidneys (n = 179) or urinary bladders (n = 66). Analyzed stones of free-ranging and captive Eurasian otters were composed mainly of ammonium acid urate. The stones of three captive Asian small-clawed otters consisted mainly of calcium oxalate. The difference in prevalence of uroliths between free-ranging and captive Eurasian otters was significant (P < 0.001). Nevertheless, the prevalence in free-ranging specimens of this study is higher than reported before. Differences between various habitats, environmental changes, and genetic predisposition all represent potential hypothetical explanations for these findings.

Copyright 2017 by American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Monika Bochmann, Stephan Steinlechner, Albrecht Hesse, Hans Henrik Dietz, and Heike Weber "UROLITHIASIS IN FREE-RANGING AND CAPTIVE OTTERS (LUTRA LUTRA AND AONYX CINEREA) IN EUROPE," Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 48(3), 725-731, (1 September 2017). https://doi.org/10.1638/2016-0223.1
Accepted: 1 March 2017; Published: 1 September 2017
JOURNAL ARTICLE
7 PAGES


SHARE
ARTICLE IMPACT
RIGHTS & PERMISSIONS
Get copyright permission
Back to Top