The importance of vitamin D3 has been documented in multiple reptile species, with deficiencies resulting in alterations in calcium homeostasis, including nutritional secondary hyperparathyroidism. Though vitamin D3 can be obtained directly from dietary sources or from photobiosynthetic production, species variability in diet and behavior makes exposure to ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation an essential requirement for some diurnal species. The effect of different bulbs to promote synthesis of cholecalciferol (vitamin D3) in the bearded dragon (Pogona vitticeps) was evaluated. Individual animals (n = 5 for each group) were exposed to industry standard fluorescent bulbs (UVB), non–UVB producing bulbs (UVBN), and light-emitting diode (LED) UVB (LED) bulbs for a period of 11 mo. Weekly measurements of UV index (UVI) were recorded for each bulb. Plasma vitamin D3, 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (25OHD3), ionized calcium (iCa), total calcium (TCa), and phosphorus (P) were measured at time zero and at 4 mo, 8 mo, and 11 mo. Parameters were measured between groups and time points. There were decreases (P < 0.05) with time for iCa for the LED and UVB groups, for TCa in the UVB group, and for vitamin D3 in the LED and UVBN groups. There were no significant differences between study groups for vitamin D3, iCa, TCa, or P. Overall plasma concentration for 25OHD3 in the LED group was greater than for the UVB (P = 0.0347) and the UVBN (P = 0.0490) groups.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.