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1 December 2017 LOW PREVALENCE OF WEST NILE VIRUS ANTIBODIES IN SELECT NORTHERN CALIFORNIA OWL SPECIES (2007–2014)
Nicole Captanian, Michelle G. Hawkins, Christine Fiorello, Mary Thurber, William K. Reisen
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Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine evidence of previous West Nile virus (WNV) infection in northern California owls. Owl serum samples were collected from birds presenting to a veterinary medical teaching hospital between 2007 and 2014 and were screened for the presence of WNV antibodies by an indirect enzyme immunoassay (EIA). Only one of 71 samples (1.41%) tested was positive by EIA and confirmed by a plaque reduction neutralization test; it was the most recent sample collected. The reason for the low prevalence of WNV in these California owls despite a high prevalence in sympatric avian species in the same region is unknown and should be a topic for further research.

Copyright 2017 by American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Nicole Captanian, Michelle G. Hawkins, Christine Fiorello, Mary Thurber, and William K. Reisen "LOW PREVALENCE OF WEST NILE VIRUS ANTIBODIES IN SELECT NORTHERN CALIFORNIA OWL SPECIES (2007–2014)," Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 48(4), 1239-1241, (1 December 2017). https://doi.org/10.1638/2016-0245R1.1
Received: 8 July 2017; Published: 1 December 2017
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