Two male Asian elephants (bulls 1 and 2) in musth were subcutaneously injected with a long-acting gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonist, degarelix acetate (240 μg/kg; total dose of 960 mg). Musth behavior (MB) and temporal gland secretions (TGS) were monitored and serum testosterone concentrations were determined. In bull 1, MB and TGS ceased on day 1 and reappeared 5.5 mo after the treatment (day 0). During the subsequent musth cycle, MB and TGS ceased on day 1 and did not appear for 4 mo. In bull 2, MB and TGS ceased at day 7 after the treatment. Musth behavior and TGS recurred on Day 11 and continued for 1 wk, then disappeared for 8 mo. Serum testosterone concentrations decreased (P < 0.05) in all occasions from day 0 (29.8 ± 15.8 ng/ml; mean ± SEM) to day 1 (2.2 ± 1.1 ng/ml), suggesting a sudden drop in circulating testosterone in musth elephants after the GnRH-antagonist treatment.
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