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23 September 2019 FLUOXETINE THERAPY TO DECREASE STEREOTYPIC BEHAVIOR IN THE ASIATIC BLACK BEAR (URSUS THIBETANUS)
Dong-Hyuk Jeong, Jeong-Jin Yang, Seong-Chan Yeon
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Abstract

The present study evaluated the effects of fluoxetine on decreasing stereotypic behaviors in Asiatic black bears (ABB). Four captive ABB exhibiting stereotypic behaviors were administered fluoxetine (0.25–1 mg/ kg orally every 24 hr) for 91 days. The animals were monitored twice weekly for 213 days (April to October) using a scan sampling method (preadministration, 30 day; administration, 91 days; postadministration, 92 days). Five blood samples were collected from the jugular vein of each bear for serum chemistry analysis (one during preadministration; two each during administration and postadministration periods). Fluoxetine was safe and effective in decreasing stereotypies, but it may be difficult to decrease long-established stereotypies in ABB using fluoxetine alone. To decrease stereotypies in ABB effectively, it is necessary to identify underlying problems that contribute to stereotypic behavior and apply comprehensive interventions that can include fluoxetine treatment.

Copyright 2019 by American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Dong-Hyuk Jeong, Jeong-Jin Yang, and Seong-Chan Yeon "FLUOXETINE THERAPY TO DECREASE STEREOTYPIC BEHAVIOR IN THE ASIATIC BLACK BEAR (URSUS THIBETANUS)," Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 50(3), 718-722, (23 September 2019). https://doi.org/10.1638/2017-0160
Accepted: 3 May 2019; Published: 23 September 2019
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KEYWORDS
captivity
compulsive behavior
ethogram
maternal care
re-introduction
separation anxiety
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