The classification of Viscaceae in the second edition of the Jepson Manual (TJM2) differs radically from that in the first edition of the Jepson Manual (TJM1). The number of species of Arceuthobium M. Bieb. was reduced from 12 in TJM1 to three in TJM2, and for Phoradendron Nutt. reduced from seven species to four. The TJM2 treatment is conservative in regards to these taxa, and disregards many morphological, phenological, and other physiological discontinuities (e.g., host preferences) among the Viscaceae of California that have been consistently reported in the scientific literature since the 1960s. The species accepted in TJM2 have widespread geographical distributions containing distinct lineages, some of which we consider different species, and other lineages that may be considered cryptic taxa. These taxa are distinct enough, based on differences in morphology, phenology, host specificity, and geographic isolation, to warrant classification as species or subspecies. The taxonomic recognition of these taxa is of critical importance to resource managers that are responsible for mitigating economic impacts of these parasitic plants, or documenting and protecting rare mistletoes. We present an alternative treatment for the Viscaceae, which recognizes both the cryptic and distinct mistletoes in California. We provide a brief history of the taxonomic classification of mistletoes in California and why we believe the treatment proposed herein is a far better representation of the mistletoe diversity in the state. Keys and descriptions are provided for the identification of mistletoes in the field that use both morphological characters and host-mistletoe relationships.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 63 • No. 1