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1 April 2015 Thermal Biology of the South American Apple Snail Asolene platae (Caenogastropoda: Ampullariidae)
María J. Tiecher, María E. Seuffert, Pablo R. Martín
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Asolene platae is a freshwater snail of the Ampullariidae native from La Plata River basin in South America. Water temperature has an overwhelming influence on the biology of apple snails, though there are no systematic studies related to the thermal biology of this species. The effect of temperature on the activity, growth and mortality of A. platae was studied through laboratory experiments using constant temperatures of 15, 20, 25, 30 and 35°C. The lower threshold and cumulative degree-days for the embryonic development were estimated under fluctuating temperature. Water temperature had a significant effect on the activity of A. platae, being almost null at 15°C, reaching its maximum in the range 25–30°C and decreasing above 30°C. Regardless of temperature, snails remained resting nearly half of the time, exhibiting less activity than other apple snails across similar temperatures. Mortality was higher for hatchlings than for adults at all temperatures with the exception of 35°C, which resulted in high levels of mortality for both groups. Growth of hatchlings was significantly affected by temperature, being highest between 25 and 35°C. The lower temperature threshold for the embryonic development was around 16°C and the cumulative degree-days to complete development were estimated between 107.5 and 120.5°C.d. The optimum temperature for A. platae would be 25–30°C. Temperatures of 35°C and above would be harmful, while temperatures below 20°C resulted in rapid decreasing in activity and slower growth rates. The information about the thermal requirements of A. platae will be useful optimizing rearing conditions and developing predictive models of the potential distribution of A. platae in scenarios where it is introduced outside of its native range.

María J. Tiecher, María E. Seuffert, and Pablo R. Martín "Thermal Biology of the South American Apple Snail Asolene platae (Caenogastropoda: Ampullariidae)," Malacologia 58(1–2), 233-243, (1 April 2015).
Received: 5 November 2014; Accepted: 5 November 2014; Published: 1 April 2015
embryonic development; degree-days
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