The armor-like folded skin of the Indian rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis) was examined by CT image analyses and microscopic observation. The three-dimensional reconstructed images demonstrate that the folded skin has the subcutaneous tissues including cutaneous muscles and connective tissues inserted to the deepest holes and grooves of 2–3 mm thickness in each fold. The cutaneous muscles are well-developed in subcutaneous tissues, in which many small blood vessels are found. We conclude that the folded skin acts as a thermoregulator, since the thin blood vessels and capillaries and cutaneous muscles in the subcutaneous tissues transmit the thermal energy from the core region of the body to the skin folds. We suggest that the greater Indian rhinoceros, Rhinoceros unicornis, has evolved the extraordinary thermoregulation mechanism in the folded skin adapted to high temperature in the tropical and subtropical regions.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 34 • No. 4