12 December 2014 Spermophilus citellus (Rodentia: Sciuridae)
Nicolás Ramos-Lara, John L. Koprowski, Boris Kryštufek, Ilse E. Hoffmann
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Spermophilus citellus (Linnaeus, 1766) is a medium-sized sciurid commonly called the European ground squirrel. The species inhabits grasslands in central and southeastern Europe on a range from short-grass steppes to meadow orchards, and from sea level to an elevation of 2,500 m. These squirrels live in colonies and construct burrows used for hibernation, reproduction, refuge, and resting. Due to serious declines in many portions of its range, the species is listed as “Vulnerable” by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. It is also protected by the Bern Convention (Appendix II), and the European Union Habitats and Species Directive (Annexes II and IV).

Nicolás Ramos-Lara, John L. Koprowski, Boris Kryštufek, and Ilse E. Hoffmann " Spermophilus citellus (Rodentia: Sciuridae)," Mammalian Species 46(913), 71-87, (12 December 2014). https://doi.org/10.1644/913.1
Published: 12 December 2014
Citellus citellus
endemic species
European ground squirrel
European souslik
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